What is Jazz? …
origins and definitions
… a musical style, a repertoire and a way of life
Basic Questions to be addressed:
When: Late 1800’s 1st jazz recording 1917 Original Dixieland Jazz Band
Where: New Orleans
Who & What?
a. African music
c. Gospel & Spirituals
d. Brass Bands & American Marches
e. Hymn tunes & other European music
f. American Popular Songs (like Stephen Foster)
G. Latin music
H. Afro-Cuban music (African & Brazilian/ South American cultures mixed)
J. Mistrel Shows/ music
Jelly Roll Morton “Tiger Rag”
How did jazz come about?
a. party atmosphere
b. diverse cultures
c. need for dance and entertainment music
d. (very) long parades
Original Dixeland Jazz Band
“Original Dixieland One Step”
What separates jazz from other music?
a. swing - (swing vs. straight 8th notes) - “triplet feel”
b. blues notes and other accents and articulations (demonstration)
c. extended solo improvisations and collective improvisation
d. the ability to assimilate and transform other styles. - limitless
e. self expression- encouraged!
How do jazz musicians learn?
a. practicing and studying their instrument
b. imitation (not a bad thing here!)
c. new era of jazz books & play-along recordings +
d. online teaching +
e. the traditional methods- learning “by ear” & mentoring
f. transcribing solos and learning them
How is jazz performed?
a. the role of the instruments:
— where the pulse comes from (bass & drums)
— chord instruments & “comping”
— who plays the melody?
b. the importance of improvisation
— solo &
— collective improv. by the rhythm section)
c. the role of form
Basic 12 Bar Blues “Blues For Maria” (demonstration)
32 bar standard form AABA “Take the A Train” (demonstration)
What are some different styles of jazz & How do they differ from basic swing?
(demonstration) "Girl From Ipanema"
a. Latin (straight 8ths)
— bossa nova
— + plus all the various Latin dance styles like mambo, & rhumba, salsa etc.
b. Rock, Soul, Funk + R. & B. (straight 8ths)
Another view w/ pop up summaries
"Jazz Styles History & Analysis"
"Beneath the Underdog"
"Sophisticated Giant" (book)
and the movie "'Round Midnight"
"Music Is My Mistress"
"Music Is My Mistress"
book & movie
Selections for Part One
Warm up and Intro.
“Freddie the Freeloader”
Swing & Rhythm Section Concepts
“Blues for Maria”
“Take The A Train”
“Girl From Ipanema” bossa
“Freddie” w/ double time samba feel
Funk- & straight 8th styles
“Blues for Maria” … funky
Selections for Part Two
1. “On A Misty Night”
2. “What is this thing called Love”
3. “Black Orpheus”
4. “One Note Samba”
5. “Stella By Starlight”
6. “Big River Bossa”
7. “Dewey Square”
8. “Blues for Erin”
9. “In Walked Bud”
(all subject to change!)